The ratchet is really another form of gearing. Unlike gears which can be used
to speed up or slow down movement, the ratchet can only be used to slow things
down and it happens in a very jerky manner. Below and opposite is an explanation
of how they work.
For every 8 turns
of the crank the ratchet wheel turns one complete revolution. This gives a
ratio of 8:1.
is a 3D drawing of a simple ratchet. There are not many moving parts
to make but as with all mechanical things you do have to work out fairly accurately
the size and distance of all the various components.
pawl is rotated on a crank and pushes the ratchet wheel one notch for every
revolution. It will take 8 turns of the crank to produce one complete turn of
the ratchet wheel.
crank turns clockwise which helps to push the pawl or catch down onto the ratchet
2nd pawl is lightly sprung and locks into the ratchet wheel stopping it moving
you add more teeth to the ratchet wheel it will take longer to rotate. If you
have less teeth it will take less time.
The ratchets disadvantage of a jerky movement can be taken advantage off. The
automata below uses this movement to build up suspense before finalising in
a big finish